The Levin Quarterly
Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs
March 2018

TOP LEVIN STORIES 

MEET LEVIN

Kate Warren
MPA, '15
 

"When opportunities come up to do an internship, take a grad assistantship, get connected with a mentor, network, listen to a speaker...say yes whenever you can. Levin is full of opportunities to gain knowledge and connect with the community. Don't let these chances pass you by!" 
Welcome to the second issue of The Levin Quarterly!  We were pleased with the positive feedback in response to the inaugural issue launched last Fall, and we are happy to once again share news from the Levin College.
 
Much has transpired at Levin since our last issue. The good news is we remain nimble in our ability to meet the changing needs of our students, stakeholders, and alumni. For us, that means a continued commitment to our long-standing mission of "excellence in teaching, research, and service through active engagement in improving and creating opportunities for the citizens of Northeast Ohio and the state of Ohio."
 
There is little doubt we must understand the technological trends around us and before us while remaining true to our mission. Professor Nicholas Zingale's work on the Internet of Things (IoT) is emblematic of our commitment to this new frontier. Our longstanding focus on data-driven decision making in public management and planning is also connected to advancing information technology. We are expanding our existing capacity to take advantage of the many relational databases now available. Lastly, we are set to launch our Center for Public and Nonprofit Management. This new center will coordinate our existing expertise in public and nonprofit leadership development and bring it closer to our academic teaching and research.

This is a summary view of our activities. Please take a few moments to read and learn more about the impact of our work. If you have any questions or suggestions, please feel free to contact me. 

Regards,

Roland V. Anglin
Dean and Professor

Center for Public and Nonprofit Management Launches

Integrates Professional Development and Executive Education Programs

The Levin College's Center for Public and Nonprofit Management operates one of the university's most successful professional development and executive education programs and leverages the faculty's breakthrough research in urban policy and leadership to give Cleveland State University students and area professionals the tools they need to be successful urban leaders. By creating deep connections with public and nonprofit executives, the Center will ensure Levin graduates will be even better positioned to overcome the challenges facing cities and metropolitan areas.
 
The Center is led by Levin alumnus Rob Ziol (MPA '05), who brings to the job the skills and passion built during his 13-year tenure at the College. "The Center integrates coursework, professional competencies, and fostering connections between students and practitioners - what I like to call the 'Three Cs.'" The programs that will fall under its aegis include student internships, the mentoring program, and many of Levin's highly regarded professional development programs.


 
Internships will continue to provide students with a means to build professional competencies with faculty oversight and associated coursework. The College's internship course helps students apply classroom lessons to their work, and maximize the benefit of the hands-on training they receive in the field. Rolling internships into the Center will create new professional opportunities for students to work with the many urban leaders participating in its other programs. 

According to recent alumna Sarah Drab, her internship helped tremendously, despite some initial apprehension. "When I enrolled, I was not excited the program required an internship. I met with Rob Ziol to talk about my options and he connected me with Lorain County MetroParks. After completing my internship as a naturalist, I am so happy I had that experience! Not only did I realize it was a great career fit for me but I also got the hands-on experience I need to succeed." Ms. Drab graduated in December 2017 and is transitioning from a seasonal position with the Miller Nature Preserve to a permanent role.
 
The Center will also operate the Levin College's highly regarded management development programs for working practitioners, as well as customized management curricula for public institutions. This Spring, the Center plans to launch another Public Management Academy (PMA). The 24-session program allows emerging leaders from throughout the region to learn from both their peers and Levin faculty. They will join over 1,000 graduates of the Levin leadership programs working throughout Ohio.

Natoya J. Walker Minor, Chief of Public Affairs for the City of Cleveland, participated in a Leadership Academy in 2003. "It's a place where current and aspiring leaders can get past the theory they learned in college, and get 'real talk' from practitioners about their successes and failures," Ms. Walker Minor said. She points to several examples of lessons she continues to draw from. "When I was at the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority, something came up that required we have a communications plan to frame the issue so we could be proactive and not reactive to the media. I pulled out my notes from the Leadership Academy and used some practical examples shared by [crisis management expert] Bruce Hennes. In addition, while with the City of Cleveland, I have had the opportunity to restructure and lead organizational change.  During these times I relied on notes compiled from the session facilitated by Ralph Johnson of McKinsey & Company."
 
As a city leader, Ms. Walker Minor also highlights the benefit of Levin to institutions, "You can send your team to a program where they can learn about strategic communications, crisis management, finance, restructuring, and other skills your organization needs. To be able to draw on the learning resources at Levin, and to have a local, accessible resource in place for professional development, is invaluable."

The Center will also operate the Public Transit Management Academy for the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (RTA), named a model program for transit agencies across the nation by the American Public Transit Association. Kay Sutula, Senior Budget Management Analyst, was one of three graduates of a Leadership Academy who identified Levin as the ideal partner for the RTA's talent development needs, "We wanted to take the Leadership Academy and tailor it to create a dynamic environment where RTA front-line staff and supervisors can move to upper management." The fifth cohort completed the Public Transit Management Academy (PTMA) in December, bringing the total number of graduates to 135. 
 
"We really have seen our relationship with Levin come to fruition: 32% of the graduates from the first four cohorts have been promoted." says George Fields, Director, Training & Employee Development, "[The PTMA] has been incredible. Graduates are being recognized as having a great skill set and commitment to the RTA. They are thinking strategically about the agency as a whole. The PTMA is now a sustainable factor in our succession planning." Ms. Sutula adds, "The PTMA gets people to understand issues that span the agency and learn the nuances of different departments."

According to Mr. Fields, the key to the success of the PTMA is that, "[Levin] is really in tune with RTA operations and what it takes to transfer knowledge to our people to make them successful. If Rob [Ziol] comes into one of our operations meetings, they look at him as our resource; he knows a lot about RTA and what we are after, so our people don't see him as an outsider."

The Center integrates coursework, professional competencies, and fostering connections between students and practitioners -the 'Three C's.' - Rob Ziol, Director, Center for Public and Nonprofit Management,
The Levin College 

Wealth Building in Communities of Color: Starting a Dialogue 

The "possession and growth of assets is fundamental to many things in American life. It allows the American dream. Yet, in the Boston Federal Reserve Bank's region, white households' median wealth is $247,000, while for Blacks and Latinos, that number is close to zero."
 
These remarks from Levin College Dean Roland Anglin were the first of many shared with more than 150 community leaders recently at the "Wealth Building in Northeast Ohio's Communities of Color" symposium held at Levin. The event, which brought together scholars and practitioners in the field of asset building and community economic development, featured presentations by Dean Anglin, Jeremie Greer, Vice President of Policy and Research at Prosperity Now, Darrick Hamilton, Professor of Economics and Urban Policy at The New School and Tom Shapiro, Director of the Institute on Assets and Social Policy at Brandeis University.
 
The event also included  talks by representatives from numerous local community organizations, including the Greater Cleveland Partnership, the Fund for Our Economic Future and the Hispanic Business Center. The symposium was co-sponsored by Cleveland Neighborhood Progress, Growth Opportunity Partners, the Hispanic Business Center, PolicyBridge, The Ohio State University Extension, and the Urban League of Greater Cleveland.

The conversations started at the symposium are only the beginning. In the coming months, the Levin College and its program partners will be working to find ways to continue to dialogue and drive toward workable policy solutions. 

Links:

Wealth Building in Northeast Ohio's Communities of Color, Levin College of Urban Affairs, February 2018

A Dream Deferred, Policy Bridge, January 2018

"When we ask for equality, what are we really asking?" - Michael Jeans, President, Growth Opportunity Partners

Internet of Things: Reshaping Technology

Although its roots date back to the mid '60s, the internet -- as an everyday tool -- burst onto the scene in the late '80s.  Since then, the technology has exploded and continues to evolve at a breakneck speed.

Part of the newest technological fervor in the internet world centers around something called the Internet of Things (IoT for short). According to global technology news leader ZDNet, IoT "refers to billions of physical devices around the world that are now connected to the internet, collecting and sharing data."

Just as computing in Silicon Valley and robotics in Pittsburgh have created mini tech revolutions, IoT is spurring a revolution of activity that's garnering notice from funders and others curious about the implications. When Case Western Reserve University and the Levin College at Cleveland State University simultaneously submitted IoT grant applications to the Cleveland Foundation, the Foundation brokered a conversation about how the two universities could work together on something bigger.

"That's how this whole Cleveland IoT thing started," said Levin College Professor Nicholas Zingale, "What we have here with IoT is movement on a great idea." With support from the highest levels of Cleveland State and Case Western, and funding in hand, the work began on "the critical aspects of how to make Cleveland the leader of the Internet of Things revolution, and how to capture the economic development benefits from it for our city and region. We are already managing large amounts of data through virtual environments and connected devices. Now," Zingale shared, "we are at the precipice of $6 trillion of economic impact worldwide." 

In early 2017, Cleveland State's Office of Research announced development of the regional academic collaboration to assess, promote, and innovatively contribute to the IoT network. Shortly thereafter, the University's Office of Research announced it would provide seed funding to develop a stronger university-wide research base related to the IoT, connected devices, and data analytics.

"This project is all about taking the entrepreneurial spirit, and the willingness to take risks, grabbing it and running with it," Zingale said. "What started initially as four or five of us volunteering our time has now grown to full blown cross-sectoral community engagement that has the capacity to really get things going."

Links:

Cleveland State University and Case Western Reserve University Partner to Advance the Internet of Things, Cleveland State University, May 2017

CSU and CWRU Partner to Study the Internet of Things, Security Magazine, February 2018

Collaborative Aims to Make Technology a Powerhouse, ideastream, February 2018

"This innovative, unique collaborative blends applied social sciences with technology to solve public issues." - Levin College Professor Nicholas Zingale

Healing the Economy in a Healthcare Hub

According to Healthcare Analytics News, "the City of Cleveland is already known as a healthcare hub, but local economic development officials believe the City's history and workforce make it uniquely qualified to be a healthcare technology leader in the era of big data." The publication goes on to reference the new report titled "The Healing Economy: An Economic Development Framework for Cleveland," written by Levin College's Richey Piiparinen, which notes "Cleveland has the densest health science labor market in the country, with 14.5% of the region's workforce employed in high-skilled healthcare delivery."

Link:

The Healing Economy: An Economic Development Framework for Cleveland, Cleveland State University, January 2018  
"A systematic, Cleveland-based intervention to reduce health disparities can be exported globally, igniting a tradable healthcare model that goes beyond selling services outside the region. This is a new type of economic development model operating as a global-local feedback loop. Here, the global export is the health of the local community." - Richey Piiparinen, Director, Center for Population Dynamics, The Levin College 

Data Driving Political Debates 

Ohio is becoming the center of the universe for redrawing political boundaries. Essentially ground zero for gerrymandering discussions. More and more, data is an essential part of the stories told in the media - like the opioid epidemic. Yes, GIS (Geographic Information Systems) is going mainstream.
 
With GIS, one can visualize, question, analyze, and interpret data to understand relationships, patterns, and trends. Levin College experts have long been a data resource for government, neighborhood development, and social services organizations, as well as private sector individuals and organizations that provide services to Northeast Ohio. 
 
Who is at the helm of this work at Levin? Dr. Mark Salling, who manages a team of data experts at the Northern Ohio Data and Information Services (NODIS).

The Levin College has a rich history of providing reports and maps based on information from the U.S. Census, housing, and real property data; vital statistics; environmental data, and social indicators. These deliverables are invaluable to anyone interested in excellence in government and public and nonprofit administration or who wants to study and understand demographics, housing, and economic trends of particular cities or regions. As the need for data increases in the world, the Levin College is now preparing to bolster its capacity in this area with more interactive data, internet mapping, graphics, and explanatory texts.  

"We pride ourselves on being unique in this area - our database skills, knowledge about the data, mapping, and interpretation are unmatched," Salling noted. "The need is out there and we want to do more in the field of data services to meet those needs."
 
The newsletter is just one example of the many ways Levin data, research, and GIS are being used and shared. For example, the plenary session at the Esri annual user conference included the president and founder, Jack Dangermond, discussing some of the maps submitted for consideration in Esri's forthcoming map book.  A map created at Levin showing change in property values on the near West Side of Cleveland is among those shown in Dangermond's presentation.
 
"Data has moved from academia to the news, to government reporting, to policy making," Salling said. "The Levin College has the database skills, knowledge about the data, ability to interpret the data, and mapping skills as well. With enhanced capabilities, our potentials for collaboration are endless."      

Links:

Ohio is at Center of National Debate Over Drawing Political Lines, WKSU, December 2017

Could Proposed Redistricting Plan Result In Gerrymandering?, ideastream, February 2018

Applying the Science of Where, Esri YouTube Channel, July 2017 

"Data has moved from academia to the news, to government reporting, to policy making." - Levin College Research Fellow Mark Salling

Levin College MPAs Stand Out Across the Community 

For the second consecutive year, Crain's Cleveland Business named a graduate of the Levin College's Master of Public Administration program to its list of "Twenty in their 20s." 2017 honoree Stephen Love (MPA '11), a program officer at the Cleveland Foundation, follows Derrick Holifield, (MPA '17) an Aspiring Principal at the Cleveland Metropolitan School District, being named as one of the, "inspirational group of young professionals that are helping propel Northeast Ohio's renaissance through their business, civic, and philanthropic endeavors."  Holifield and Love are examples of the many Levin alumni who are making a positive impact on their communities, whether they are working in the public, nonprofit, or private sectors.
 
According to Dr. Nicholas Zingale, Director of the Master of Public Administration, their success reflects both the unique attributes of Levin students and the ways in which faculty scholarship continuously informs and improves the curriculum. "They are living the notion that at Levin, you can learn to build cities, lead communities, and change your environment while immersed in a vibrant and engaging urban landscape." What sets Levin students apart, says Dr. Zingale, is that they are, "distinguished by a deeply embedded drive to work on improving cities, governance, and the lives of others."

The mission of the Levin faculty is to prepare students to be leaders who can improve dynamic and diverse urban environments. That means being able to lead organizations that can adapt to the constant transformation of the political and economic landscape, as well as successfully manage change within their organizations. It also requires effectively balancing conflicting demands of the economic, social, and philosophical agendas that strive for preeminence within the city.
 
To serve that mission, Levin faculty pursue research agendas that directly inform their teaching and actively foster an environment where new ideas can take root across the College. "The scholarship and research of the faculty is continuously exposing areas where we can improve how we prepare our students." Zingale adds, pointing to the example of Dr. Megan Hatch. Dr. Hatch's article in the Journal of Public Affairs Education, "Quiet Voices: Misalignment of the three C's in public administration curriculum," demonstrates that in introductory courses offered by highly ranked MPA programs, women write less than twenty percent of required readings and only five percent of courses have specific units on gender diversity.
 
Based on her findings, Dr. Hatch challenged her colleagues at Levin to examine the content of their coursework. After internal discussions, Levin faculty updated their syllabi to offer a fuller breadth of thoughts and perspectives, better preparing their students to lead in diverse urban environments.
 
Levin alumni are quick to point to how the College enabled them to become dynamic leaders. According to Stephen Love, "the mix of 'traditional' students with practitioners further along in their career created a very different type of learning environment. Working on class projects with individuals from very different backgrounds and stages of their career had a real benefit. Recent students like me - I was only a year or two out of undergrad - had a perspective based on theory and research, versus professionals who grounded their ideas in years of practice.  It both created a synergy and an opportunity for serious discussions around the differences in our approach to solving problems."
 
Like many Levin students, Love worked while completing his degree: first as an AmeriCorps VISTA at Cleveland Neighborhood Progress, then taking to a job with the Cuyahoga Land Bank. Those experiences led him to ask the question: "When investing in communities, is it more effective to build things or directly support the people who live there?" This process culminated in his Capstone research paper on comprehensive community development efforts. "It aligned research with what was happening around the nation, asking 'How do organizations ultimately collaborate and share resources?" Love said.  His paper proposes that, with limited resources, each community must determine which model is best for it - things or people - then focus on pursuing either one or the other path. "The Capstone sharpened my interest in thinking about long term ways to impact individuals in these communities, which turned me toward philanthropy. That led me to pursue a position with the Cleveland Foundation, where I've been for three years working as a program officer." Crain's recognized his work as a thought leader and funder to achieve the solutions he discovered at Levin.
 
Levin faculty inspire students to explore their own interests while learning how to apply the theories they learn in the classroom to practical urban problems. Faculty develop urban research agendas that drive new understandings and methodology back into the classroom, and challenge one another to deliver on the College's mission to prepare urban leaders. The success of Levin is reflected in the ability of our graduates to build careers that span multiple sectors and types of organizations, all while continuing to improve the lives of others.

"The scholarship and research of the faculty is continuously exposing areas where we can improve how we prepare our students." - Levin College Professor Nicholas Zingale

The Stokes Legacy and the Challenges of Police Reform 

In 1968, Carl Stokes took office in Cleveland, becoming the first black mayor of a major U.S. city. That same year,  future his brother, Congressman Louis Stokes, argued the landmark Terry v. Ohio case before the Supreme Court of the United States. According to Levin professor and alumnus Ronnie Dunn (Ph.D. '04), the challenges of that important court case are as relevant today as they were when the case was initially argued.
 
"After fifty years, we are just now beginning to address those reforms in an earnest way."  Through his research, teaching, and position on the Ohio Collaborative Community-Police Advisory Board, Dr. Dunn is working to ensure that the work Carl and Louis Stokes began comes to fruition. 
 
In his article Black and Blue, Dr. Dunn writes that the racial climate in America today is increasingly being compared to the late 1960s. Carl Stokes won election in Cleveland with a mandate to reform the police, and in the Terry case, Louis Stokes tried to improve the constitutional protection of citizens from unreasonable police searches. However, contact between the police and communities of color continues to be fraught by racial profiling.
 
Professor Joseph Mead of the Levin College and Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, points to the impact of Terry v. Ohio on the relationship between the police and communities of color. "Terry was one of the most important decisions of the past 50 years."  In the Court's ruling against Louis Stokes' client, it established that, while in public, people maintain their Fourth Amendment right against unreasonable search and seizure, but simultaneously gave police the ability to take that right away.
 
"The Terry case gave a huge grant of power to police to stop and frisk people without probable cause," says Professor Mead. "The police do not have to have good reason to believe someone has committed a crime, they only have to articulate some degree of suspicion. Terry empowered police to use racial profiling to target someone who may otherwise be engaged in innocent behavior. This opened the door to a lot more interactions between police and people of color. In every interaction, there is the potential for something to be misconstrued, the potential for police to overreact, and the potential for violence."
 
In cities like New York, where police adopted an aggressive stop and frisk policy, Professor Mead points out that, "it fell on city leaders to reform the police to be more fair and equitable," rather than exploit the most invasive powers allowed under Terry. However, city leaders face the same barriers to reform as in 1968, when Mayor Carl Stokes prioritized fixing a police department that discriminated against the African American community. Dr. Dunn notes, faced with recalcitrant departmental leadership, and a newly-founded police union, those efforts were stymied. "Police departments have more power than any other city agency to make or break a mayor," he says. "Most mayors are reluctant to go up against their police department, when the threat of a 'Blue Flu' or increased perception of crime can readily undo their administration."
 
When faced with an organization resistant to change, Dunn teaches his students that urban leaders need better tools to hold police accountable. According to Dr. Dunn, reforming police practices requires improved data collection and buy-in at the state level. "Traffic stops are the most frequent way that citizens interact with the police." Pretextual racial profiling by police, empowered by the Terry ruling, is, according to Dunn, "the crux of the issue." In his classes, aspiring urban leaders learn how they can use data to affect change.
 
"It is vitally important to collect socio-demographic information from all officer-initiated involuntary stops of citizens, whether or not it results in a citation or arrest." Such data will allow policy makers "to see who is being disproportionately stopped, and whether it is for a justifiable law enforcement reason." They will then be able to address some of the issues that lead to deadly confrontations between citizens of color and the police.

Dr. Dunn helped draft legislation for the City of Cleveland to put this policy into effect. "For over 20 years, I have been working to pass anti-profiling or, using the term police prefer, 'bias-free policing' laws that will both require the collection of data and prohibit police from using race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, or any other constitutionally-protected background as a justification for stops."
 
"Most police agencies show significant resistance to these reforms, but the police shooting of Tamir Rice in Cleveland and numerous similar incidents around the country brought the issue to a head." Following a series of public forums that began at Cleveland State University in 2015, the Governor established the Ohio Collaborative. "Last spring, we adopted a standard for bias-free policing: by 2020 all police agencies in Ohio are to collect demographic data from traffic stops and have policies prohibiting the use of race or other protected classes as a reason for traffic stops."
 
By pushing the impetus onto state leaders who are less susceptible to local agency resistance, gaining the support of a diverse group of law enforcement leaders from across the state, and the rigorous use of data, the reforms initiated by the Stokes brothers to improve how police interact with communities of color come closer to being achieved.
2017 marked the 50th anniversary of the election of Carl Stokes, the first African-American mayor of a major U.S. city. Shortly after the election and in an effort to initiate sweeping changes to improve the lives of Clevelanders, Mayor Stokes created Cleveland NOW!, a proposal to address the City's challenges. Many of the challenges that motivated him then still face the city today. This City Club of Cleveland forum illuminated community and racial issues from then and now.

Recent Grants and Awards

(October 2017 - January 2018) 

$32,000 from BorderLight for the BorderLight Feasibility Study.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Iryna Lendel


$10,000 from Foundation Center, Midwest for the Economic Development Philanthropy in Ohio.
Principal Investigator: Molly Schnoke


$5,000 from Westown Community Development Corporation for the Westown Variety Theater 2017. 
Principal Investigator: Dr. Robert Simons


$50,000 from the Cleveland Foundation for the follow-up to the Fifth Migration Report.
Principal Investigator: Richey Piiparinen


$107,600 from Regional Transportation Project (RTP) for Economic Impact Study. 
Principal Investigator: Dr. Iryna Lendel


$200,000 from the Cleveland Foundation for Economic Inclusion of Greater University Circle.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Candi Clouse


$28,700 from Neighborhood Leadership Institute for Neighborhood Leadership Cleveland (NLC) Continuing Education Program.
Principal Investigator: Rob Ziol


$11,366 from Hunger Network for Assessing Food Pantry Distribution in Greater Cleveland.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Mark Salling
 

In The News 

Concerns raised over 2020 census accuracy, funding, Dayton Daily News, December 2017
 
Could 'big data' help Cleveland reduce health disparities - and create jobs?, Cleveland Plain Dealer, January 2018
 
Office in charge of handling citizen complaints against CPD continues to show 'lack of progress', News 5 Cleveland, January 2018
 
Cleveland State University professor's book reveals history of the drug store industry, Plain Dealer, January 2018 
 
GOP tax proposals would hurt Cleveland State University and other institutions of higher education, December 2017


In Cleveland, Health Tech Brings Hopes of Economic, Human Development, HCA News, February 2018   
Copyright © 2018 Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, All rights reserved.
The Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs at Cleveland State University is dedicated
to excellence in teaching, research, and service through active engagement in improving and creating opportunities
for the citizens of Greater Cleveland, the state of Ohio, and across the country.

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